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A Vegan Diet & Inflammation

by Robert Ross, May, 2015



Vegan Food PyramidIn a article (click link below for full article), a vegan diet is associated with reduced inflammation -- which is the cause of many, if not most, of today's "diseases of civilization!" However, a paragraph is devoted to problems with the vegan diet, which are quite easily resolved, so I want to address that first.

Since today's farms, even organic, can be deficient in soil bacteria and nutrients, nutritional supplements are generally recommended. I personally prefer green superfood supplement powders which I add to my daily raw smoothies, as well as a good, vegan multivitamin.

Vitamin B12 and vitamin D are especially recommended for pregnant or lactating women. 50 to 100 mg of vitamin B12 a day are recommended for anyone who does not get enough vitamin B12 from their diet. Also, you may like fortified cereals or brewer’s yeast (not strictly vegan since it may have whey). If you take vitamin D supplements the recommended dosage is 200 mg per day.

Vegans can get all their iron from whole grain cereals, grains, legumes, prunes, raisins and green vegetables. For vegans to absorb enough iron it is recommended to take about 250 mg of vitamin C when they eat to increase their iron absorption. Most men only need 500 mg of calcium a day. Women, however, need at least 1,000 mg of calcium a day. Broccoli, sesame seeds, seaweed, and kale are healthy sources of calcium. If you prefer supplements, take 500 mg of calcium two times a day.

Vegans who get enough vitamins and minerals from supplements or other healthy sources can easily enjoy optimum health.

From: The Townsend Letter of Alternative Medicine, June 2015

A vegan diet may protect against metabolic illnesses and inflammatory conditions to a greater degree than vegetarian diets, according to a 2014 review article conducted by Marian Glick-Bauer and Ming-Chin Yeh (CUNY School of Public Health, Hunter College, City University of New York). A strict vegan diet consists of whole grains, legumes, vegetables, and fruit. No animal-derived foods -fish, meat, dairy, eggs, or honey -are eaten. Several studies have shown that a vegetarian diet (devoid of meat and poultry) improves cardiometabolic risk factors and lowers the risk of cardiovascular diseases and some cancers when compared with an omnivore diet. The vegan diet appears to have even more health benefits.

Although studies involving vegans are still rare, an increasing number of people are choosing to follow a vegan diet for ethical and/or health reasons. A 2014 study involving Seventh-day Adventists (practitioners of a religion that advocates vegetarianism) found that people who followed a vegan diet had lower incidence of obesity, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular mortality than those on · a lacto-ovo-vegetarian diet (Le and Sabate 2014). Other studies indicate that a vegan diet reduces inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis and lowers the risk of hypothyroid disease.

In their review, Glink-Bauer and Yeh suggest that the anti-inflammatory benefits of a vegan diet may stem, at least partially, from the resulting gut microbiota. Several studies have found a difference in gut flora when comparing meat eaters, vegetarians, and vegans. In one study, for example, Siovenjan vegans had a higher ratio of the bacterium Faecalibacterium prausnitzii in their guts (Matijasic et al. 2014). F. prausnitzii, an abundant butyrate producer, has anti-inflammatory effects. Glink-Bauer and Yeh comment that the gut bacteria which thrive on the abundant fiber content of plant-based diets produce more short-chain fatty acids (acetate, propionate, butyrate). These fatty acids act as signaling molecules that modulate inflammatory response. In addition to the effect on gut microbiota, a vegan diet contains more phytonutrients and antioxidants, avoids some common food allergens/intolerances (such as dairy and eggs), and contains fewer calories.

[This is the stardard disclaimer that all these guys have to put in, but if you read my intro above you'll see that its not a problem at all.] Despite the abundance of nutrients in plants, a long term strict vegan diet can result in deficiencies of nutrients found primarily in animal-derived foods such as vitamin B12. Access to vitamin 0, calcium, iron, zinc, and long chain omega-3 fatty acids may also be limited, according to Winston J. Craig. A long-term vegetarian diet has produced hyperhomocysteinemia, protein deficiency, anemia, decreased creatinine content in muscles, and menstrual disruption in physically active women, according to a 2013 Polish review article.

Weston A. Price, DDS, found no traditional diet that consisted solely of plant foods in his world travels to compare the health effects of eating traditional whole foods with processed foods. He did, however, come upon groups that advocated vegetarian diets for ethical reasons: "In every instance where the groups involved had been long under this teaching, I found evidence of degeneration in the form of dental caries, and in the new generation in the form of abnormal dental arches to an extent very much higher than in the primitive groups who were not under this influence." Price viewed oral health and structure as a window into the skeletal structure and overall health. The health benefits of vegan and vegetarian diets may have more to do with their emphasis on nutrient-rich, whole-plant food and avoidance of refined starches, added sugar, and processed foods than on their avoidance of animal-derived foods.

As Glick-Bauer and Yeh point out, the Mediterranean diet also improves metabolic conditions such as type 2 diabetes. They conclude, "Thus a patient's personal taste and cultural traditions may need to dictate whether a vegan diet is the ideal choice for medical nutrition therapy."

1. Craig WJ. Health effects of vegan diets. Am J Clin Nutr. 2009;89(suppi):16275-16335. Available at http://ajcn.nutrition.org/contenti89/5/1627S.full.pdf+ html. Accessed March 25, 2015.
2. Glick·Bauer M, Yeh M·e The health advantage of a vegan diet: exploring the gut microbiota connection. Nutrients. 2014:6(11):4822-4838. Available at www.mdpi.com/20726643/6/11/4822/htm. Accessed March 25, 2015.
3. Le LT, Sabate J. Beyond meatless, the health effects of vegan diets: findings from the Adventist cohorts. Nutrients. 2014;6(6):2131-2147. Available at http://www.mdpi.com/20726643/6/6/2131/htm. Accessed April 3, 2015.
4. Matijasic BB et al. Association of dietary type with fecal microbiota in vegetarians and omnivores in Slovenia. Eur J Nutr. 2014;53:1051-1064.
5. Pilis W, Stec K, Zych M, Pilis, A. Health benefits and risk associated with adopting a vegetarian diet [abstract J. J Sci Food Agric. 2013;93:2362-2371. Available at http://www.ncbLnlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24964573 . Accessed April 3, 2015.
6. Price WA. Nutrition and Physical Degeneration. 6th ed. La Mesa, CA: Price-Ponenger Nutrition J Foundation; 1997:279.




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Robert Alan Ross
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