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Bibliography:
Fruits and Vegetables and the Risk of Breast Cancer

This bibliography is provided as a public service. It is compiled from the Cornell University Breast Cancer and the Environment Research Centers (BCERC) Environmental Risk Factors Bibliographic Database. We make every effort to keep this bibliography current. If you have comments or suggestions for inclusion the bibliography, please send an email to Robert@RawFoodLife.com. .

This bibliography is arranged topically. The topics include:

Reviews on the influence of fruits and vegetables on cancer risk

Adlercreutz, H. (1998). Evolution, nutrition, intestinal microflora, and prevention of cancer: a hypothesis. Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine 217, 241-246.

Bal, D. G., and Forester, S. B. (1992). Dietary strategies for cancer prevention. Cancer 72, 1005-1010.

Beecher, C. W. W. (1994). Cancer preventive properties of varieties of Brassica oleracea: a review. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 59, 1166S-1170S.

Byers, T., and Guerrero, N. (1995). Epidemiologic evidence for vitamin C and vitamin E in cancer prevention. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 62, 1385S-1392S.

El-Bayoumy, K., Chung, F.-L., J. Richie, J., Reddy, B. S., Cohen, L., Weisburger, J., and Wynder, E. L. (1997). Dietary control of cancer. Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine 216, 211-223.

Freudenheim, J. L., and Potischman, N. (1996). Cancer. In: Nutrition in Women's Health (Gaithersburg, MD: Aspen), pp. 463-496.

Greenwald, P. (1996). The potential of dietary modification to prevent cancer. Preventive Medicine 25, 41-43.

Greenwald, P., and Clifford, C. Dietary Prevention. In Cancer Prevention and Control, P. Greenwald, B. S. Karmer and D. L. Weed, eds. (Bethesda, Maryland), pp. 303-327.

Ip, C., and Lisk, D. J. (1996). The attributes of selenium-enriched garlic in cancer prevention. In Dietary Phytochemicals in Cancer Prevention and Treatment, A. I. F. C. Research, ed. (New York: Plenum Press), pp. 179-187.

The Alpha-Tocopherol, Beta-Carotene Cancer Prevention Study Group. (1994). The effect of vitamin E and beta-carotene on the incidence of lung cancer and other cancers in male smokers (and comment: Antioxidant vitamins not yet proved). The New England Journal of Medicine 330, 1029-1035; comment:1080-1081.

Kohlmeier, L., Simonsen, N., and Mottus, K. (1995). Dietary modifiers of carcinogenesis. Environmental Health Perspectives 103, 177-184.

Potter, J. D. (1997). Cancer prevention: epidemiology and experiment. Cancer Letters 114, 7-9.

Sanzkaranarayanan, R., and Mathew, B. (1996). Retinoids as cancer-preventive agents. In Principals of Chemoprevention, Stewart, McGregor and Kleihues, eds.: IARC Scientific publications No. 139, pp. 47-59.

Steinmetz, K. A., and Potter, J. D. (1996). Vegetables, fruit, and cancer prevention: A review. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 96, 1027-1039.

Steinmetz, K. A., and Potter, J. D. (1991). Vegetables, fruit, and cancer. I. Epidemiology. Cancer Causes and Control 2, 325-357.

van Poppel, G., and Goldbohm, R. A. (1995). Epidemiologic evidence for B-carotene and cancer prevention. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 62(suppl), 1393S-1402S.

Willett, W. (1995). Diet, nutrition, and avoidable cancer. Environmental Health Perspectives 103, 165-170.

Willett, W. C. (1994). Micronutrients and cancer risk. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 59 (suppl), 1162s-1165s.

Willett, W. C. (1997). Nutrition and cancer. Salud Publica de Mexico 39, 298-309.

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Reviews on the influence of fruits and vegetables on breast cancer risk

Barnard, N. D., and Nicholson, A. (1997). Beliefs about dietary factors in breast cancer prevention among American women, 1991 to 1995. Preventive Medicine 26, 109-113.

Clavel-Chapelon, F., Niravong, M., and Joseph, R. R. (1997). Diet and breast cancer: review of the epidemiologic literature. Cancer Detection and Prevention 21, 426-440.

Franceschi, S. (1997). Micronutrients and breast cancer. European Journal of Cancer Prevention 6, 535-539.

Holmes, M. D., and Willett, W. C. (1995). Can breast cancer be prevented by dietary and lifestyle changes? Annals of Medicine 27, 429-430.

Howe, G. R., Hirohata, T., Hislop, T. G., Isovich, J. M., Yuan, J.-M., Katsouyanni, K., Lubin, F., Marubini, E., Modan, B., Rohan, T., Toniolo, P., and Shunzhang, Y. (1990). Dietary factors and risk of breast cancer: combined analysis of 12 case-control studies. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 82, 561-569.

Hunter, D. J., and Willett, W. C. (1993). Diet, body size, and breast cancer. Epidemiologic Reviews 15, 110-129.

Hunter, D. J., and Willett, W. C. (1996). Nutrition and breast cancer. Cancer Causes and Control 7, 56-68.

King, S. E., and Schottenfeld, D. (1996). The "epidemic" of breast cancer in the U.S. - determining the factors. Oncology 10, 453-464.

Kohlmeier, L., and Mendez, M. (1997). Controversies surrounding diet and breast cancer. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 56, 369-382.

Mezzetti, M., LaVecchia, C., Decarli, A., Boyle, P., Talamini, R., and Franceschi, S. (1998). Population attributable risk for breast cancer: diet, nutrition, and physical exercise. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 90, 389-394.

Rose, D., Connolly, J. M., and Liu, X. (1997). Diet and breast cancer: opportunities for prevention and intervention. Etiology of Breast and Gynecological Cancers, 147-158.

Stoll, B. A. (1996). Can supplementary dietary fibre suppress breast cancer growth? British Journal of Cancer 73, 557-559.

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Original Epidemiological Studies

Epidemiologic studies: cohort

Braga, C., La Vecchia, C., Negri, E., Franceschi, S., and Parpinel, M. (1997). Intake of selected foods and nutrients and breast cancer risk: an age- and menopause-specific analysis. Nutrition and Cancer 28, 258-263.

DeStefani, E., Correa, P., Ronco, A., Mendilaharsu, M., Guidobono, M., and Deneo-Pellegrini, H. (1997). Dietary fiber and risk of breast cancer: a case-control study in Uruguay. Nutrition and Cancer 28, 14-19.

Djuric, Z., Depper, J. B., Uhley, V., Smith, D., Lababidi, S., Martino, S., and Heilbrun, L. K. (1998). Oxidative DNA damage levels in blood from women at high risk for breast cancer are associated with dietary intake of meats, vegetables, and fruits. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 98, 524-528.

Hunter, D. J., Manson, J. E., Colditz, G. A., Stampfer, M. J., Rosner, B., Hennekens, C. H., Speizer, F. E., and Willett, W. C. (1993). A prospective study of the intake of vitamins C, E, and A and the risk of breast cancer. The New England Journal of Medicine 329, 234-240.

Mills, P. K., Beeson, W. L., Phillips, R. L., and Fraser, G. E. (1989). Dietary habits and breast cancer incidence among Seventh-day Adventists. Cancer 64, 582-590.

Rohan, T. E., Howe, G. R., Friedenreich, C. M., Jain, M., and Miller, A. B. (1993). Dietary fiber, vitamins A, C, and E, and risk of breast cancer: a cohort study. Cancer Causes and Control 4, 29-37.

Verhoeven, D. T. H., Assen, N., Goldbohm, R. A., Dorant, E., Van't Veer, P., Sturmans, F., Hermus, R. J. J., and van den Brandt, P. A. (1997). Vitamins C and E, retinol, beta-carotene and dietary fiber in relation to breast cancer risk: a prospective cohort study. British Journal of Cancer 75, 149-155.

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Epidemiologic studies: case-control

Dorant, E., van den Brandt, P. A., and Goldbohm, R. A. (1995). Allium vegetable consumption, garlic supplement intake, and female breast carcinoma incidence. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 33, 163-170.

Dorgan, J. F., Sowell, A., Swanson, C. A., Potischman, N., Miller, R., Schussler, N., and Stephenson, H. E. (1998). Relationships of serum carotenoids, retinol, a-tocopherol, and selenium with breast cancer risk: results from a prospective study in Columbia, Missouri (United States). Cancer Causes and Control 9, 89-97.

Franceschi, S., LaVecchia, C., Russo, A., Negri, E., Favero, A., and Decarli, A. (1997). Low-risk diet for breast cancer in Italy. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention 6, 875-879.

Freudenheim, J. L., Marshall, J. R., Vena, J. E., Laughlin, R., Brasure, J. R., Swanson, M. K., Nemoto, T., and Graham, S. (1996). Premenopausal Breast Cancer Risk and Intake of Vegetables, Fruits, and Related Nutrients. Journal of National Cancer Institute 88, 340-348.

Graham, S., Hellmann, R., Marshall, J., Freudenheim, J., Vena, J., Swanson, M., Zielezny, M., Nemoto, T., Stubbe, N., and Raimondo, T. (1991). Nutritional epidemiology of postmenopausal breast cancer in western New York. American Journal of Epidemiology 134, 552-566.

Graham, S., Marshall, J., Mettlin, C., Rzepka, T., Nemoto, T., and Byers, T. (1982). Diet in the epidemiology of breast cancer. American Journal of Epidemiology 116, 68-75.

Hislop, T. G., Coldman, A. J., Elwood, J. M., Brauer, G., and Kan, L. (1986). Childhood and recent eating patterns and risk of breast cancer. Cancer Detection and Prevention 9, 47-58.

Holmberg, L., Ohlander, E. M., Byers, T., Zack, M., Wolk, A., Bergstrom, R., Bergkvist, L., Thurfjell, E., Bruce, A., and Adami, H.-O. (1994). Diet and breast cancer risk: results from a population-based, case-control study in Sweden. Archives of Internal Medicine 154, 1805-1811.

Kato, I., Miura, S., Kasumi, F., Iwase, T., Tashiro, H., Fujita, Y., Koyama, H., Ikeda, T., Fujiwara, K., Saotome, K., Asaishi, K., Abe, R., Nihei, M., Ishida, T., Yokoe, T., Yamamoto, H., and Murata, M. (1992). A case-control study of breast cancer among Japanese women: with special reference to family history and reproductive and dietary factors. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 24, 51-59.

Katsouyanni, K., Trichopoulos, D., Boyle, P., Xirouchaki, E., Trichopoulou, A., Lisseos, B., Vasilaros, S., and MacMahon, B. (1986). Diet and breast cancer: a case control study in Greece. The Journal of Cancer 38, 815-820.

Katsouyanni, K., Willett, W., Trichopoulos, D., Boyle, P., Trichopoulou, A., Vasilaros, S., Papadiamantis, J., and MacMahon, B. (1988). Risk of breast cancer among Greek women in relation to nutrient intake. Cancer 61, 181-185.

La Vecchia, C., Decarli, A., Franceschi, S., Gentile, A., Negri, E., and Parazzini, F. (1987). Dietary factors and the risk of breast cancer. Nutrition and Cancer 10, 205-214.

La Vecchia, C., Ferraroni, M., Franceschi, S., Mezzetti, M., Decarli, A., and Negri, E. (1997). Fibers and breast cancer risk. Nutrition and Cancer 28, 264-269.

Lee, H. P., Gourley, L., Duffy, S. W., Esteve, J., Lee, J., and Day, N. E. (1991). Dietary effects on breast cancer risk in Singapore. Lancet 3737, 1197-1200.

Longnecker, M. P., Newcomb, P. A., Mittendorf, R., Greenberg, E. R., and Willett, W. C. (1997). Intake of carrots, spinach, and supplements containing vitamin A in relation to risk of breast cancer. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention 6, 887-892.

Marubini, E., Decarli, A., Costa, A., Mazzoleni, C., Andreoli, C., Barbieri, A., Capitelli, E., Cavallo, F., Monferroni, N., Pastorino, U., and Salvini, S. (1988). The relationship of dietary intake and serum levels of retinol and beta-carotene with breast cancer. Cancer 61, 173-180.

Pierce, J. P., Faerber, S., Wright, F. A., Newman, V., Flatt, S. W., Kealey, S., Rock, C. L., Hryniuk, W., and Greenberg, E. R. (1997). Feasibility of a randomized trial of a high-vegetable diet to prevent breast cancer recurrence. Nutrition and Cancer 28, 282-288.

Potischman, N., McCulloch, C. E., Byers, T., Nemoto, T., Stubbe, N., Milch, R., Parker, R., Rasmussen, K. M., Root, M., Graham, S., and Campbell, T. C. (1990). Breast cancer and dietary and plasma concentrations of carotenoids and vitamin A. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 52, 909-915.

Rao, D. N., Ganesh, B., and Desai, P. B. (1994). Role of reproductive factors in breast cancer in a low-risk area: a case-control study. British Journal of Cancer 70, 129-132.

Richardson, S., Gerber, M., and Cenee, S. (1991). The role of fat, animal protein, and some vitamin consumption in breast cancer: a case control study in southern France. The International Journal of Cancer 48, 1-9.

Rock, C. L., Saxe, G. A., Ruffin IV, M. T., August, D. A., and Schottenfeld, D. (1996). Carotenoids, vitamin A, and estrogen receptor status in breast cancer. Nutrition and Cancer 25, 281-296.

Tricholpoulou, A., Katsouyanni, K., Stuver, S., Tzala, L., Gnardellis, C., Rimm, E., and Trichopoulos, D. (1995). Consumption of olive oil and specific food groups in relation to breast cancer risk in Greece. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 87, 110-116.

van't Veer, P., Strain, J. J., Fernandez-Crehuet, J., Martin, B. C., Thamm, M., Kardinaal, A. F. M., Kohlmeier, L., Huttunen, J. K., Martin-Moreno, J. M., and Kok, F. J. (1996). Tissue antioxidants and postmenopausal breast cancer: The European Community Multicare Study on antioxidants, myocardial infarction, and cancer of the breast (EURAMIC). Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers, and Prevention 5, 441-447.

Yuan, J.-M., Wang, Q.-S., Ross, R. K., Henderson, B. E., and Yu, M. C. (1995). Diet and breast cancer in Shanghai and Tianjin, China. British Journal of Cancer 71, 1353-1358.

Zhang, S., Tang, G., Russell, R. M., Mayzel, K. A., Stampfer, M. J., Willett, W. C., and Hunter, D. J. (1997). Measurement of retinoids and carotenoids in breast adipose tissue and a comparison of concentrations in breast cancer cases and control subjects. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 66, 626-632.

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Supplement use

Brody, J. E. (1998). Study finds possible harm from higher doses of vitamin C. In New York Times (New York, NY).

Dorant, E., Brandt, P. A. v. d., and Goldbohm, R. A. (1995). Allium vegetable consumption, garlic supplement intake, and female breast carcinoma incidence. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 33, 163-170.

Franceschi, S., La Vecchia, C., Russo, A., Negri, E., Favero, A., and Decarli, A. (1997). Low-risk diet for breast cancer in Italy. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention 6, 875-879.

Freudenheim, J. L., Marshall, J. R., Vena, J. E., Laughlin, R., Brasure, J. R., Swanson, M. K., Nemoto, T., and Graham, S. (1996). Premenopausal Breast Cancer Risk and Intake of Vegetables, Fruits, and Related Nutrients. Journal of National Cancer Institute 88, 340-348.

Hunter, D. J., Manson, J. E., Colditz, G. A., Stampfer, M. J., Rosner, B., Hennekens, C. H., Speizer, F. E., and Willett, W. C. (1993). A prospective study of the intake of vitamins C, E, and A and the risk of breast cancer. The New England Journal of Medicine 329, 234-240.

Longnecker, M. P., Newcomb, P. A., Mittendorf, R., Greenberg, E. R., and Willett, W. C. (1997). Intake of carrots, spinach, and supplements containing vitamin A in relation to risk of breast cancer. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention 6, 887-892.

Newman, V., Rock, C., Faerber, S., Flatt, S. W., Wright, F. A., and Pierce, J. P. (1998). Dietary supplement use by women at risk for breast cancer recurrence. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 98, 285-292.

Richardson, S., Gerber, M., and Cenee, S. (1991). The role of fat, animal protein, and some vitamin consumption in breast cancer: a case control study in southern France. The International Journal of Cancer 48, 1-9.

Rock, C. L., Newmann, V., Flatt, S. W., Faerber, S., Wright, F. A., and Pierce, J. P. (1997). Nutrient intakes from foods and dietary supplements in women at risk for breast cancer recurrence. Nutrition and Cancer 29, 133-139.

Rohan, T. E., Howe, G. R., Friedenreich, C. M., Jain, M., and Miller, A. B. (1993). Dietary fiber, vitamins A, C, and E, and risk of breast cancer: a cohort study. Cancer Causes and Control 4, 29-37.

Verhoeven, D. T. H., Assen, N., Goldbohm, R. A., Dorant, E., van't Veer, P., Sturmans, F., Hermus, R. J. J., and Brandt, P. A. v. d. (1997). Vitamins C and E, retinol, beta-carotene and dietary fiber in relation to breast cancer risk: a prospective cohort study. British Journal of Cancer 75, 149-155.

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Studies on vegetarian diets

Bennett, F. C., and Ingram, D. M. (1990). Diet and female sex hormone concentrations: an intervention study for the type of fat consumed. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 52, 808-812.

Campbell, T. C., and Junshi, C. (1994). Diet and chronic degenerative diseases: perspectives from China. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 59 (Supplement), 1153S-1161S.

Dwyer, J. T. (1988). Health aspects of vegetarian diets. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 48, 712-738.

Fentiman, I. S., Caleffi, M., Wang, D. Y., Hampson, S. J., Hoare, S. A., Clark, G. M. G., Moore, J. W., Bruning, P., and Bonfrer, J. M. G. (1988). The binding of blood-borne estrogens in normal vegetarian and omnivorous women and the risk of breast cancer. Nutrition and Cancer 11, 101-106.

Mills, P. K., Beeson, W. L., Phillips, R. L., and Fraser, G. E. (1989). Dietary habits and breast cancer incidence among Seventh-day Adventists. Cancer 64, 582-590.

Pedersen, A. B., Bartholomew, M. J., A. Dolence, L., Aljadir, L. P., Netteburg, K. L., and Lloyd, T. (1991). Menstrual differences due to vegetarian and nonvegetarian diets. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 53, 879-885.

Persky, V. W., Chatterton, R. T., Van Horn, L. V., Grant, M. D., Langenberg, P., and Marvin, J. (1992). Hormone levels in vegetarian and nonvegetarian teenage girls: potential implications for breast cancer risk. Cancer Research 52, 578-583.

Rao, D. N., Ganesh, B., and Desai, P. B. (1994). Role of reproductive factors in breast cancer in a low-risk area: a case-control study. British Journal of Cancer 70, 129-132.

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Studies on the influence of fruits and vegetables on breast cancer survival

Guo, W. D., Chow, W. H., Zheng, W., Li, J. Y., and Blot, W. J. (1994). Diet, serum markers and breast cancer mortality in China. Japanese Journal of Cancer Research 85, 572-577.

Ingram, D. (1994). Diet and subsequent survival in women with breast cancer. British Journal of Cancer 69, 592-595.

Jain, M., and Miller, A. B. (1997). Tumor characteristics and survival of breast cancer patients in relation to premorbid diet and body size. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 42, 43-55.

Jain, M., Miller, A. B., and To, T. (1994). Premorbid diet and the prognosis of women with breast cancer. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 86, 1390-1397.

Rohan, T. E., Hiller, J. E., and McMichael, A. J. (1993). Dietary factors and survival from breast cancer. Nutrition and Cancer 20, 167-177.

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Studies on the mechanisms underlying the influence of fruits and vegetables on breast cancer risk

Bennett, F. C., and Ingram, D. M. (1990). Diet and female sex hormone concentrations: an intervention study for the type of fat consumed. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 52, 808-812.

Bradlow, H. L., Sepkovic, D. W., Telang, N. T., and Osborne, M. P. (1995). Indole-3-carbinol: A novel approach to breast cancer prevention. Annals of the New York Academy of Science 768, 180-200.

El-Bayoumy, K. (1994). Evaluation of chemopreventive agents against breast cancer and proposed strategies for future clinical intervention trials. Carcinogenesis 15, 2395-2420.

Crowell, P. L., Ayoubi, A. S., and Burke, Y. D. (1996). Antitumorigenic effects of limonene and perillyl alcohol against pancreatic and breast cancer. In Dietary Phytochemicals in Cancer Prevention and Treatment., American Institute for Cancer Research, ed. (New York: Plenum Press), pp. 131-136.

Crowell, P. L., Kennan, W. S., Haag, J. D., Ahmad, S., Vedejs, E., and Gould, M. N. (1992). Chemoprevention of mammary carcinogenesis by hydroxylated derivatives of d-limonene. Carcinogenesis 13, 1261-1264.

Fernandes, A. O., and Banerji, A. P. (1997). Long-term feeding of field bean protein containing protease inhibitors suppresses virus-induced mammary tumors in mice. Cancer Letters 116, 1-7.

Gehm, B. D., McAndrews, J. M., Chein, P.-Y., and Jameson, J. L. (1997). Resveratrol, a polyphenolic compound found in grapes and wine, is an agonist for the estrogen receptor. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 94, 14138-14143.

Gelb, M. H., Tamanoi, F., Yokoyama, K., Ghomashchi, F., Esson, K., and Gould, M. N. (1995). The inhibition of protein prenyltransferases by oxygenated metabolites of limonene and perillyl alcohol. Cancer Letters 91, 169-175.

Gould, M. N. (1997). Cancer chemoprevention and therapy by monoterpenes. Environmental Health Perspectives 105, 977-979.

Grubbs, C. J., Steele, V. E., Casebolt, T., Juliana, M. M., Eto, I., Whitaker, L. M., Dragnev, K. H., Kelloff, G. J., and Lubet, R. L. (1995). Chemoprevention of chemically-induced mammary carcinogenesis by indole-3-carbinol. Anticancer Research 15, 709-716.

Ip, C., Lisk, D. J., and Thompson, H. J. (1996). Selenium-enriched garlic inhibits the early stage but not the late stage of mammary carcinogenesis. Carcinogenesis 17, 1979-1982.

Jang, M., Cai, L., Udeani, G. O., Slowing, K. V., Thomas, C. F., Beecher, C. W. W., Fong, H. H. S., Farnsworth, N. R., Kinghorn, A. D., Mehta, R. G., Moon, R. C., and Pezzuto, J. M. (1997). Cancer chemopreventive activity of resveratrol, a natural product derived from grapes. Science 275, 218-220.

Kall, M. A., Vang, O., and Clausen, J. (1996). Effects of dietary broccoli on human in vivo drug metabolizing enzymes: evaluation of caffeine, oestrone and chlorzoxazone metabolism. Carcinogenesis 17, 793-799.

Levy, J., Bosin, E., Feldman, B., Giat, Y., Miinster, A., Danilenko, M., and Sharoni, Y. (1995). Lycopene is a more potent inhibitor of human cancer cell proliferation than either a-carotene of B-carotene. Nutrition and Cancer 24, 257-266.

Lu, J., Pei, H., Ip, C., Lisk, D. J., Ganther, H., and Thompson, H. J. (1996). Effect of an aqueous extract of selenium-enriched garlic on in vitro markers and in vivo efficacy in cancer prevention. Carcinogenesis 17, 1903-1907.

Maltzman, T. H., Christou, M., Gould, M. N., and Jefcoate, C. R. (1991). Effects of monoterpenoids on in vivo DMBA-DNA adduct formation and on phase I hepatic metabolizing enzymes. Carcinogenesis 12, 2081-2087.

Mgbonyebi, O. P., Russo, J., and Russo, I. H. (1998). Antiproliferative effect of synthetic resveratrol on human breast epithelial cells. International Journal of Oncology 12, 865-869.

Michnovicz, J. J., Adlercreutz, H., and Bradlow, H. L. (1997). Changes in levels of urinary estrogen metabolites after oral indole-3-carbinol treatment in humans. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 89, 718-723.

Michnovicz, J. J., and Bradlow, H. L. (1991). Altered estrogen metabolism and excretion in humans following consumption of indole-3-carbinol. Nutrition and Cancer 16, 59-66.

Michnovicz, J. J., and Bradlow, H. L. (1990). Induction of estradiol metabolism by dietary indole-3-carbinol in humans. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 82, 947-949.

Newcomb, P. A., Klein, R., Klein, B. E. K., Haffner, S., Mares-Perlman, J., Cruickshanks, K. J., and Marcus, P. M. (1995). Association of dietary and life-style factors with sex hormones in postmenopausal women. Epidemiology 6, 318-321.

Russin, W. A., Hoesly, J. D., Elson, C. E., Tanner, M. A., and Gould, M. N. (1989). Inhibition of rat mammary carcinogenesis by monoterpenoids. Carcinogenesis 10, 2161-2164.

Schaffer, E. M., Liu, J.-Z., Green, J., Dangler, C. A., and Milner, J. A. (1996). Garlic and associated allyl sulfur components inhibit N-methyl-N-nitrosourea induced rat mammary carcinogenesis. Cancer Letters 102, 199-204.

Sharoni, Y., Giron, E., Rise, M., and Levy, J. (1997). Effects of lycopene-enriched tomato oleoresin on 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene - induced rat mammary tumors. Cancer Detection and Prevention 21, 118-123.

So, F. V., Guthrie, N., Chambers, A. F., Moussa, M., and Carroll, K. K. (1996). Inhibition of human breast cancer cell proliferation and delay of mammary tumorigenesis by flavonoids and citrus juices. Nutrition and Cancer 26, 167-181.

Steinmetz, K. A., and Potter, J. D. (1991). Vegetables, fruit, and cancer. II. Mechanisms. Cancer Causes and Control 2, 427-442.

Telang, N. T., Katdare, M., Bradlow, H. L., Osborne, M. P., and Fishman, J. (1997). Inhibition of proliferation and modulation of estradiol metabolism: novel mechanisms for breast cancer prevention by the phytochemical indole-3-carbinol. Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine 216, 246-252.

van Poppel, G. (1993). Carotenoids and cancer: An update with emphasis on human intervention studies. European Journal of Cancer 29A, 1335-1344.

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Originally prepared by Julie Napieralski, Ph.D., BCERF. Revised 4.10.01 by Mari Stewart, BCERF Webmaster. Please send citations you feel would be appropriate to add to this bibliography by email to: breastcancer@cornell.edu

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